The Spanish Missions in Florida and the Borderlands Conference will be held in the Monticello Opera House on October 5-7, 2017. This Conference will be free and presented by Aucilla Research Institute, Main Street of Monticello, Florida and Florida State University Department of Anthropology. For information contact Anne Holt at  – or –  Jana Grubbs at



Spanish Missions of Jefferson County
(from East to West)

  1. San Miguel de Asile – located in Lamont proper on S. Salt Rd between U.S. 27 & River Rd.
    1. Used by Yustaga (Timucua) Indians
    2. Listed by FDOS Div. of Historical Resources / has been excavated by archeologists?
  1. San Lorenzo de Ybitachuco (Ivitachuco)2,3
    1. Used by Apalachee Indians
    2. Located on Avalon plantation approx. ½ mile South of U.S. 27 at a point approx. 1 mile W. of WPA Rd. (See maps at website given below at footnote 3)
    3. Father Juan de Villalva saved his mission by surrendering to Col. Moore & supplying the invader with provisions and his church plate. By July 1704, this was the only surviving mission in Jefferson County.  On July 12, 1704 Florida governor Joseph de Zuniga y Zerda and his council met and determined they could not supply the requisite army to protect the few remaining missions.  They decided to destroy them and relocate the remaining Christian Indians to St. Augustine.  This resulted in few Apalachees remaining in Jefferson County.4
  1. La Concepcion de Ajubali (Ayubule)2
    1. Used by Apalachee Indians, very populated mission
    2. Near Waukeenah
    3. 9 hour battle on 1/25/1704, The mission led by Father Angel de Miranda and his mission Apalachee Indians were attacked by Col. James Moore, about 50 English soldiers, & around 1,000 Creek Indians on 1/25/1704. A 9 hour battle ensued until Miranda ran out of ammunition.  At least 24 mission defenders were killed & 170 men & women taken prisoner (about ½ by Moore & ½ by the Creeks).  The next day (too late) a relief force arrived from Mission San Luis, led by Cap. Juan Ruiz Mexia, along with a force of Spanish soldiers and Christian Apalachees.  Mexia was defeated & captured along with some of his soldiers, 200 Apalachees, and Father Jaun de Parga, a Spanish missionary.  Father Parga and numerous Indians were brutally tortured.  Moore late claimed the torture was conducted by the Creeks without his approval.5
  1. San Francisco de Oconi2
    1. Used by Spanish priests & Apalachee Indians, located in Taylor County
    2. Destroyed by Col. Moore in 1704 in “Queen Anne’s War”
    3. From Hwy 98 go S on 690 (Mandalay), Left on 690 A, then take 1st Go to end of road & site is approx 600’ East
    5. Coordinates: 1002086    -83.9498827
  1. San Juan de Aspalaga2
    1. 1640 – 1704. Used by Spanish priests & Apalachee Indians
    2. Listed by FDOS Div. of Historical Resources
    4. On Gamble Rd. just North of Hwy 259 in Wacissa in pasture field
    6. Coordinates: 36    -83.99
  1. San Jose de Ocuya (River Field Site)2
    1. Used by Spanish priests & Apalachee Indians
    2. The site where the mission stood was added to the S. National Register of Historic Places on May 7, 1973
    3. Listed by FDOS Div. of Historical Resources / has been excavated by archeologists?
    5. Located at current site of Lloyd Baptist Church ( N side?)
    6. Maps at:
    7. Burned in late 1703

2 Gannon, Michael V., The Cross in the Sand (Gainsville, 1965), p. 63; B. Cavlin Jones, “Colonel James More and the Destruction of the Apalachee Missions in 1704,” Bulliten No 2 (Bureau of Historic Sites and Properties, Division of Archives, History and Records Management, Tallahassee, 1972), p. 25. As quoted in  Shofner, Jerrell H., History of Jefferson County, p. 4.


4 Shofner, Jerrel H., History of Jefferson County, p. 6.

5 Jones, “Moore and Destruction of Apalachee Mission,” p.26; Mark F. Boyd, Hale G. Smith, and John W. Griffin, Here They Once Stood: The Tragic End of the Apalachee Missions (Gainsville, 1959), pp 15-16, 49. As quoted in Shofner